RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING IN NIGERIA
This is to let you know the History of radio and television broadcasting in Nigeria.
Since we listen to news and other programs on radio, we also watch news and other programs on television. It is good that we know the brief history of radio and television it is good we know how they both came to existence in our country (Nigeria)
Both radio and television broadcasting are referred to as EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING because they deal with disseminating educational and alterable information that will be of benefit to the people. Radio and television broadcasting improves learning one way or the other .
THE BRIEF HISTORY OF RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING IN NIGERIA
The introduction of Nigeria to radio broadcasting happened in the year 1933 with the existence of the first RADIO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM (RDS) which was under the department of Post and Telegraph in Lagos. With that the radio distribution system (RDS) was only transmitting foreign contents from The BRITISH BROADCASTING CORPORATION (BBC) London to Lagos Nigeria.
The first RADIO STATION in Nigeria came into existence in the year 1939 at ibadan, in the same year the number of Radio receivers increased and grew up to about 2,000 in the country. After that, the next radio station was created in Kano Nigeria.
It was suggested to the Nigerian broadcasting service (NBS) in the year 1949 to approve the establishment of several regional radio stations which gave rise to stations in cities like kaduna, Jos, enugu, ilorin and maiduguri Nigeria.
In the year 1957 the Parliament decided to reorganize or change the NIGERIAN BROADCASTING SERVICE (NBS) into the NIGERIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION (NBC).
By 1960, the number of Radio receivers in Nigeria had grown up to 74,000. As the network developed further, in the year 1961 after Nigeria got its independent, the VOICE OF NIGERIA (VON) was launched followed by the creation of the FEDERAL RADIO CORPORATION OF NIGERIA (FRCN) in the year 1978. The existence of this radio station increased and supported the production of local contents that will be beneficial to the people in the country.
But then radio broadcasting was owned and controlled by the Nigerian government until 1992 when the broadcasting industry was deregulated by General Ibrahim Babangida this gives room for freedom of ownership of the radio broadcasting outlets.
There were also some state-owned radio stations that sprang up after the civil war era.
In the year 1994 a private radio station first emerged and was referred to as RAY POWER FM, it first international transmission was possible in the year 1996. It was from the year 2007 that the masses where privilege of its service. All the private owned radio stations followed suit later on.
Ibadan that is recognized and noted for pioneering Radio Broadcasting Station in Nigeria was also the first to host a Television Broadcasting Station in Nigeria in the year 1959.
The irony in the history of the radio and television in Nigeria is that while the Federal Government of Nigeria then started the first radio station, The television broadcasting was pioneered by a regional government on 11th October 1959 by the then Western regional government that was led by premier OBAFEMI AWOLOWO.
As it was claimed by the proponents, the main aim and objective of establishing the WESTERN NIGERIAN TELEVISION (WNTV) was to serve as a surrogate teacher in the regional school system that were handicapped by unqualified teachers or have shortage of teachers in certain subject areas.
In the year 1st October 1960 when Nigeria got its independent, other regions like the Eastern region government followed by establishing its own station with the aim for formal and non-formal education. The northern regional government established its own television station and started transmitting in the year 1962.
The original intentions and mission of establishing this television stations in Nigeria was to provide adequate services in education social and economic development. However, it was realised that they had gone commercial and depended heavily on foreign programs.
The establishment and running of television stations were monopolized by the federal and state government until 1990 when the broadcasting Media was deregulated which give room and freedom for other privately owned television Media outlets which will also be monitored by the NATIONAL BROADCASTING COMMISSION (NBC).
ADVANTAGE OF RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING
- Video and television have a wide range of coverage, it can reach a large number of people as far as we are connected
- Both radio and television broadcasting updates viewers and listeners on current issue simultaneously, they present events or issues even from far distant places to viewers and listeners within a second.
- Television broadcasting makes learning easier and more exciting because it has to do with both visual and audio, the people gets to see and at the same time get to listen. without visuals a lot will be left behind and all will be based on imaginations.
- Radio broadcasting is cheap and easy to access by anyone most especially people living in the villages, the get information at the tip of their hands.
- Both television and radio support school teachers in times of getting more knowledge for the benefit of the students
- Radio and television are helpful for most especially depressed and mentally affected patients in the hospital or anywhere, it helps to keep them busy
DISADVANTAGES OF RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING
- Instability of electric power supply, televisions needs power in order to be active for transmission
- Inappropriate timing of educational broadcasting programs for the target audience. Sometimes the right educative informations are disseminated at the wrong time
- Television has influence of bad programs on children at home. Some profit-making contents are being created which affects students or children at home this contents are often found in entertainment programs and includes sexuality, nudity and violence
- Television broadcasting has high production cost of programs and high cost of airtime. Money needs to be spent in order to get good original content and also money used needs to be used in the aspect of getting airtime to broadcast the right information
- Both radio and television could be addictive, most especially television, people easily get addicted to watching TV without thinking of any other thing
- Radio needs signals to function and it is not found everywhere